The Voluntary National Review (VNR) was prepared with the aim of determining the current position of Russia on the path to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), set out in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (Agenda-2030).
During the preparation of the review, it was revealed that most of the goals and objectives of sustainable development are already, to one degree or another, included in the main strategic and program documents adopted in Russia. The participation of civil society, business, nongovernmental organizations, volunteers and academia is essential to achieving the SDGs.
Sustainable Development Goals are increasingly being integrated into the policy of the Russian Federation. This is expressed both in the inclusion in the country's strategic and program documents of individual goals and objectives in the logic of sustainable development, as well as some indicators reflecting the degree of their achievement, and in the formation of a full-fledged system of statistical accounting of SDG indicators for their monitoring.
This Voluntary National Survey is the first experience of a comprehensive assessment of the state and progress in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals in the Russian Federation.
Objectives of the Review are :
- assess the institutional mechanisms involved in the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (Agenda 2030) in Russia for their effectiveness and adequacy, as well as the existing distribution of functions in the process of implementing the SDGs;
- analyze the degree of implementation of the SDGs in national strategic and program documents;
- assess the current state and progress in achieving the SDGs and identify key successes and challenges in achieving the SDGs in Russia;
- to help raise public awareness of the implementation of the SDGs and strengthen partnerships between government authorities, business, civil society associations, and the scientific community in the course of the implementation of the SDGs at the national level.
Russia is a social state, the policy of which is aimed at creating conditions that ensure a dignified life and free human development. Thanks to the social orientation of its policy, Russia is making significant progress in implementing the basic principle of Agenda 2030 "leave no one behind". Thus, this principle underlies the policy pursued in the country to ensure access of the population to socio-economic, political and other spheres of life. In Russia, at the regional level, there are quotas for hiring people with disabilities (from 2 to 4%). Also, the development of digital technologies and the expansion of the availability of telemedicine, e-education, employment opportunities (including remote) have a positive impact. At the same time, digital technologies have an impact not only on the social direction but also on the spheres of economy and ecology. In particular, for example, by transferring government services to electronic form, the process of connecting businesses to the electric grids is simplified. Also, the transfer of public services for the population into electronic form was carried out, a special portal «Gosuslugi» on the Internet was created. At the end of 2019, 152 million services were provided through the portal, which is 2.5 times more than in 2018. At the same time, the satisfaction of citizens with the quality of public services increased from 75.5% in 2012 to 90% in 2018.
Due to the huge area of the territory and the uneven distribution of the population (from 0.1 people per 1 sq. Km to 4.9 thousand people per 1 sq. Km), much attention in Russia is paid to the development of infrastructure and the transport system. This plays a backbone role for development in a number of areas (industry, agriculture, economic, social and informational ties between different regions).
One of the most important events in the global efforts to combat climate change was the adoption by the Russian Federation of the Paris Agreement in 2019. Full participation of our country in the Paris Agreement in addition to the existing international mechanisms (including at the level of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), UNDP, The World Meteorological Organization (WMO)) has the potential to become an additional catalyst to reduce carbon intensity and improve energy efficiency of the national economy, which will contribute to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals on a global scale. In 2020, the Russian Federation adopted the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol which will help to meet international climate commitments by significantly reducing the consumption of super greenhouse gases.
The main body of this overview is divided into 17 chapters (one chapter for each of the SDGs). Each of the chapters describes the progress made in Russia towards the achievement of the corresponding SDGs and the specific mechanisms that contributed to this. It also looked at the relationship between the individual SDGs. With regard to each of the SDGs, the prospects for achieving the Goals are highlighted, that is, the tasks facing the Russian Federation and the ways to solve them.