FOURTH SESSION
28 March 2021
THIRD SESSION
15 March 2021
SECOND SESSION
8 March 2021
FIRST SESSION
1 March 2021
Session 1
March 1, 2021
Welcome speech by the Executive Directorate of the UN Global Compact
Sanda Ojiambo, Chief Executive Officer and Executive Director of the UN Global Compact
Climatic activity for better recovery
Antonio Guterres, Secretary-General of the United Nations
Green Deal Carbon Regulation and Greenhouse Gas Trading System
Oleg Belozerov, EECO Deputy Secretary General for Sustainable Development
International interactive dialogue: From Paris to Glasgow — Progress on Climate Change since 2015
GONZALO MUNYOS - Dialogue moderator. High-level champion in climatic action
SANDRA WEN-XIU WU - Chairman and CEO of Kokusai Kogyo Co.
MARY SHAPIRO - Deputy Chairman for Public Policy Bloomberg L.P
ROBERTO MARCES - CEO Natura & Co
Mayors of major cities around the world declare the importance of culture after Covid-19
Mayors, governors and city leaders will share a statement on why culture matters in their city. Climate change and Covid-19 are links in the same chain.
Session 2
March 8, 2021
Ambitious Action for Green Recovery and Strengthening Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC)
International interactive dialogue: GONZALO MUNYOS — Dialogue moderator. High-level champion in climatic action MARCY FROST — Chief Executive Officer of CalPERS OMER AHMED — General Director of Artistic Milliners TORBEN MEGER PEDERSEN — Chief Executive Officer of PensionDanmark
Completion of the cycle of works on the use of Solar Hydrogen in hydrogen energy
At present the issues of preserving climatic conditions on Earth and the rational use of fuel resources are brought to the forefront of universal human values.
TRANSCRIPT IN ENGLISH
At present, preservation of climatic conditions on Earth and rational use of fuel resources are being brought to the forefront of universal human values. This is explained by the fact that humanity will soon face two global threats: 1) a dramatic change in the Earth's climate unbearable for human life due to an increase of the CO2 concentration in the atmosphere formed by burning carbon-containing fuels; 2) reduction of power generation and motor fuel caused by depleted necessary fuel resources unacceptable for economic development of society.

To prevent from these threats and preserve a sustainable development of mankind would require to create a new energy technology based on the requirements of the use of new widely available renewable carbon-free fuel resources to ensure the safety of population and natural environment, a full elimination of harmful and dangerous wastes for people and generating various types of energy for an unlimited time.

A group of leading Russian scientists in ecology, energy generation and thermophysics was organized within the Academy of Industrial Ecology to search for and substantiate an energy technology that would satisfy these requirements. For more than 15 years the researchers conducted a study on the possible use of various natural energy sources and energy resources.

Now these studies have been completed and resulted in a concept of solar hydrogen energy generation technology. To my deepest regret now that I am ninety-two years old and my colleagues who participated in the project passed away and all I have to state is that I and my son Ildar Ibragimov, DScTech, are still hoping to see the first results of the project realized in practical solutions.

In the proposed solar-hydrogen energy technology hydrogen is chosen as the global energy carrier with a number of important advantages over other fuels such as the highest heat of combustion per unit mass; ecological purity (when it is burned, water is formed); it is inexhaustible in nature (in water more than 10% by weight of hydrogen); power generation both in the fuel cells by chemical means (without combustion) and by means of gas turbines is possible; harmless and more efficient application compared to gasoline or gas in internal combustion engines.

There unique properties of hydrogen led to the development of hydrogen energy technologies. However, one cannot to develop it widely and independently due to the lack of optimal hydrogen production technologies. Its production requires an additional source of electricity for water electrolysis or hydrocarbon raw materials. This limitation of hydrogen energy can be removed by using the proposed solar-hydrogen energy technology with photo-assisted water splitting.

Studies have shown that in nature there is only one physicochemical process when a source of energy, in addition renewable (solar radiation), can produce fuel ("solar" hydrogen) as a result of photo-assisted water splitting. All other energy sources can only transfer one type of energy to another but cannot bring about a new fuel.

The process of photo-assisted water splitting was prompted by nature itself. There are microalgae that release hydrogen from water under the influence of solar radiation. However, the process of photo-assisted water splitting cannot be straightforward due to the lack of photon energy absorbed by the water molecule. Therefore, this process would require a photocatalyst capable of absorbing additional photons for the subsequent transfer to a water molecule for splitting.

In experimental conditions, a practical implementation of photocatalytic and photoelectrochemical methods of water splitting have been successful. An industrial production of "solar" hydrogen would demand design and development in specialized organizations.

The proposed solar-hydrogen energy technology can be improved by creating new more efficient methods of photo-assisted water splitting. Development of non-existent in nature new supramolecular compounds with the specific chemical properties will allow to split water by an extremely low solar radiation, even in the case of cloudy weather.

When a reliable production of "solar" hydrogen at solar-hydrogen plants is obtained, one would not have to bother about the fuel resources and replacement of energy technologies at all. The inexhaustible and widely available solar-water-hydrogen natural cascade based on solar-hydrogen energy technology would ensure a sustainable development of mankind under normal climatic conditions for unlimited time and reduce international tensions in the world due to the depletion of fuel resources.

Hopefully, in the period of time (20-30 years) when an increase in the average temperature of the atmosphere does not reach yet a critical value of 2 °C, Governments and businesses around the world will be able to replace carbon-based fuels with "solar" hydrogen and other carbon-free energy sources in the most energy-intensive industries and transport by concentrating scientific, technological, and productive capacities without slowing down economic development.

A new international climate agreement is urgent to address this global challenge of replacing carbon-based fuels with non-carbon fuels, that is, there should be a fight against the cause of greenhouse gases from combustion of carbon-based fuels, and not against the consequences of such combustion because greenhouse gas emissions into the atmosphere cannot be reliably monitored.

Each country, without affecting and damaging its economic development, is recommended to establish a timetable for the introduction of carbon-free fuels. Various economic incentives should be provided to expedite such a process.

As a result of the fuel replacement, the climatic conditions on the Earth and a sufficient amount of fuel resources, which represent valuable chemical raw materials to produce many thousand products essential for the life of future generations of people, will be conserved.

Global hydrogen energy based on the solar-hydrogen energy technology can be created within the time of 20-30 years. From an economic and technical point of view, this is quite a real task. This is proved by the history of the creation of atomic energy technology.

In 1939, a new physical phenomenon was discovered - a possibility of uranium nucleus fission into fragments with the release of a huge amount of energy; in 1942, the first nuclear reactor with a controlled fission chain reaction was launched in the United States; in 1954, the world's first nuclear power plant in the USSR (Obninsk) was put into operation.

Thus, for just 15 years, in difficult post-war conditions a completely novel and complicated nuclear energy technology was created.

The first steps in the creation of solar-hydrogen energy technology will be the most difficult and financially costly. But we cannot economize the tasks that ensure the preservation of the sustainable development of mankind!
The main environmental problems of Eurasia and ways to solve them
Climate change affects all countries and all continents, destroys national economies and affects people's lives. Weather conditions change, sea level rises and climatic events become more severe. Saving lives and livelihoods requires urgent action to tackle both the pandemic and the climate emergency.
Culture and Climate Protection. Video performance
Young talented dancers from Montpellier (France) "Steps to Change" will showcase the impact of climate change on biodiversity and society through an amazing dance. Through performing arts and video projection, speakers will demonstrate their support for scientific endeavors, highlighting the urgent need to take action for the benefit of their own generation and future generations. Art will convey the message of the urgency to act on global changes affecting biodiversity. Leader of the dance group Yunne-Jai Shina, choreographer Emily Lartilot.
Restoring Ecosystems: Biodiversity Webinar
The ecological crisis is as critical as the climate crisis, but gets fewer headlines. We are in the midst of catastrophic loss of global biodiversity, ecosystems, and the millions of species with whom we share our planet and depend on for our survival. We are "burning the library of life" through changes in land and sea use, direct exploitation of organisms (e.g. hunting and fishing), climate change, pollution, and the spread of invasive species.
Alternative energy as a new stage in human development
The prospects for the use of renewable energy sources are associated with their environmental friendliness, low operating costs and the expected fuel shortage in traditional energy. Types of alternative energy: solar energy, wind energy, biomass energy, gradient-temperature energy, geothermal energy.
Session 3
March 15, 2021
International interactive dialogue:
For inclusive multilateralism and radical cooperation to implement the Paris Agreement
SATIA TRIPATI — Dialogue moderator. Head of the UNEP New York Office
VALENTINA MINTAH — Founder of West Blue Consulting
ALAN JOPE — Chief Executive Officer of Unilever
MARK CRANDALL — Founder and Director of CWP Renewables
Role of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change
The ultimate goal of all agreements related to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change is to stabilize the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic (human-induced) impacts on the Earth's climate system. This level should be achieved in a time period sufficient for natural adaptation of ecosystems to climate change and ensuring further economic development on a sustainable basis.
Influence of climate and relief on the development of ethnic groups
Man ... imagined himself the undivided master of the Earth and immediately began to exploit it neglecting the fact that its size and physical resources are quite finite. The image of nature and climate has always been the most important in the spiritual life of society. Climatic factors determine the form of government and laws. The historical value of natural conditions changes over the centuries and at different stages of civilization. Man is gradually freed from the absolute power of the environment and as he develops, he begins to use many natural conditions.
TRANSCRIPT IN ENGLISH
The natural and geographical environment (climate, terrain, and other factors) is a necessary condition for the emergence and functioning of an ethnic group, and its changes have a significant impact on the actual ethnic processes. An ethnic group adapts to a particular landscape at the time of its formation. In the subsequent time, when moving or settling, an ethnic group seeks a natural environment similar to the one in which this ethnic group has developed.

In the history of each ethnic group, one can find concrete evidence of the significant influence of the natural and geographical environment on it. Ethnic groups are directly and closely connected with nature through their economic activities. Most of the tribes and peoples of ancient and medieval times fit into the landscape without trying to change it. These are all hunters, fishermen, pastoralists, gatherers, as well as some agricultural tribes that did not use artificial irrigation. The exception was the peoples who practiced intensive agriculture: the peoples of Egypt, Mesopotamia, Ancient Iran, Central Asia, India, and China, who adapted the landscapes to their needs.

The connection of the established ethnic groups with the surrounding landscapes is manifested in the adaptation of the ethnic collective and its economic activities to certain conditions. Over time, the ratio of the ethnic group — the landscape is optimal for both. This means that a stable landscape stabilizes an ethnic group, and there is no reason to create a new ethnic group. If the landscape changes due to sudden climatic changes, then the ethnic group, losing its usual conditions, is depleted, its number decreases, and either its extinction or migration in search of more favorable conditions is possible. The processes of ethnogenesis are influenced by climatic changes, the initial points of ethnogenetic processes occur on certain areas of the Earth's surface. Some habitable territories have never been the birthplace of peoples, although the ethnic groups that have already formed populate them and reach a high level of development.

Single-landscape territories, such as the Siberian taiga (excluding river valleys), the interior of Australia, savannas, rainforests, etc. were not the place of origin of ethnic groups. Conversely, the diversity of landscape combinations in the Western part of the Eurasian continent is so favorable for ethnogenesis that there is a misconception that the origin of new ethnic groups is a common thing. In fact, favorable natural and geographical conditions, under which the process can only begin, are the exception rather than the rule on the surface of the globe, although they are found in all parts of the world.
The role of education in the formation of ecological culture among young people
The most serious ecological crisis that struck our planet, made significant adjustments to the relationship between man and nature, forced to rethink all the achievements of world civilization. The connection between the state of nature and the level of ecological culture in the world is not obvious.
TRANSCRIPT IN ENGLISH
Dear colleagues, ladies and gentlemen! It is an honor to be invited to discuss the role of education in the formation of ecological culture among young people.

Globalization has created challenges to the modern world, among which environmental problems play an important role. Under the conditions of human economic activity, many territories were contaminated. The environmental situation harms the health and quality of life of the population. The real state of affairs makes us take a critical look at the results of anthropogenic activities, which have put the surrounding nature in front of the threat of destruction. This circumstance actualizes the problems of environmental protection, the search for constructive methods for their solution. The state of the environment is an important factor in the socio-economic development of territories.

The need to study the origin of environmental problems is based on ecology's influence on the modern world and the collision of state formations with centrifugal processes. The complex factors in the formation of environmental problems create the socio-economic and political environment in which environmental protection forms and directions are formed. The development of ecological culture is one of the essential factors in solving many global ecological problems. Ecological culture is organically linked with the essence of the personality as a whole, with its various aspects and qualities. Therefore, the formation and development of ecological culture presuppose the all-round development of the personality. For example, philosophical culture makes it possible for a person to comprehend and understand a person's purpose as a product of nature and society. Political culture allows ensuring an ecological balance between the economic activities of people and the state of nature. Legal culture keeps a person within the framework of interactions with nature permitted by laws. Aesthetic cultures create conditions for the emotional perception of beauty and harmony in nature. Physical culture orients a person towards the effective development of fundamental natural forces. It is the interaction of all these cultures that gives rise to ecological culture. The concept of "ecological culture" encompasses a culture that contributes to preserving and developing the "society-nature" system.

The formation of ecological culture aims to increase the general civil culture and form a moral and ethical paradigm. The fundamental postulate of the moral and ethical paradigm is respect for the environment. Environmental culture implies raising the level of awareness of all groups of the population, which is achieved through environmental education and upbringing.

Environmental education issues are also in the focus of attention of international organizations. Thus, the 1992 United Nations Conference on the Environment (Rio de Janeiro) within the framework of the project "Sustainable Development" in the field of environmental education noted the following as priority tasks: education on all issues related to the environment; incorporating environmental protection concepts into educational programs; inclusion of governing bodies in research activities; development of programs for graduates; encouraging educational institutions in any environmental protection activity; work with the media, etc. The same issue is reflected in the documents of the European Strategy of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe on Education for Sustainable Development. One of the significant ideas is the importance of environmental education's leading function in forming human consciousness in the 21st century. Thus, these documents testify to the world community's attention to environmental problems and ways to solve them. There is no doubt that the assimilation of ecological culture is achieved through purposeful training and education, which in modern science are defined as "environmental education" and "environmental education."

I believe that from the standpoint of sustainable human development, the environmental education of the population should pursue the dual goal of the intellectual and moral development of the individual. This goal is achieved by harmonizing relations between people and nature, the domination of moral and aesthetic values over material hedonistic values and achieving a balance of material and spiritual values. The system of higher values through education should become the inner world of every person. If a person has formed an ecological culture, then such a person is distinguished first by achieving harmony with both the inner and outer worlds.

Environmental education can be defined as the process of familiarizing an individual with the cultural experience of humanity in interacting with the environment. Environmental education is also a means of socialization and inculturation of a person, forming individual environmental culture. The result of environmental education is the formation and development of environmentally oriented activities that enhance civilization's environmental culture.

Environmental education provides for a person's upbringing, the formation of a way of life for people within the framework of a system of values that should become an integral part of the inner world of a person. A careful attitude to nature and natural resources should become a natural human need. A person should be aware of the responsibility of protecting and preserving the environment. The safety and very existence of humanity on earth depend. Environmental education should debunk the idea of person as the absolute center of the universe. In human consciousness, it is necessary to move the center of security from person to the biosphere. In the modern world, humanity realized that it could become as mortal as a person. This result is of changing human ideas about human society's integrity, interdependence, and natural environment. However, the implementation of environmental education and its content depends on many factors. These factors are the following: 1. interest of society in preserving an ecologically clean living environment; 2. society's need for environmentally-friendly citizens; 3. the state and achievements of environmental science; 4. psychological, age, and cognitive characteristics of students; 5. general state and development trends of the education system as a whole, etc.

Environmental education aims to develop modern people's worldview of such concepts as environmental culture, environmental morality, love of nature, responsible attitude to the environment, etc. An analysis of these concepts' integrative essence shows the complexity and multidimensionality of environmental education, where each aspect requires special attention and stage-by-stage disclosure. The goals of environmental education are as follows: enlightenment and increase environmental and legal literacy of the population; involvement of the population in the process of direct activities to improve the environment; formation of traditions of innovative ecological culture; instilling skills and management skills in the field of environmental safety; formation of skills and abilities of public control over the state of the environment in places of residence; formation of professional competences of future leaders related to the identification, research, assessment, and analysis of complex social situations related to ecology; developing skills of interaction with the media to promote knowledge on environmental protection; the ability to promote and implement experience in environmental education of the population with the active use of the capabilities of modern information technologies, etc.

Based on the noted provisions, it seems possible to draw the following conclusion. Environmental education is a crucial component of educating a modern person in the spirit of a spiritual and moral ideal, which presupposes a conscious attitude towards nature. A conscious attitude towards nature is an essential condition for the existence and development of the world community.
Thank you for your attention.
COVID-19 Viral Strike as Reality of a Universal Catastrophe: New Scenarios for Political Turns and Economic Disasters
SPEAKERS OF THE VIDEO CONFERENCE: Shabanov Fikret (Vancouver); Piskurev Vladimir Vladimirovich (Moscow); Yakushik Valentin Mikhailovich (Kiev); Ravshan Rinatovich Nazarov (Tashkent); Alasgarov Elkhan (Baku); Kozyulin Vadim Borisovich (Moscow); Petrovsky Petr (Minsk); Dubnov Arkady (Moscow); Rtskhiladze Gulbaat (Tbilisi); Sariev Mars Osmonkulovich (Bishkek); Ergashev Bakhtiyor (Tashkent); Mammadzade Gulnara (Baku); Mariutsa Elina (Geneva, Switzerland - Boston, USA); Gela Vasadze (Tbilisi); Tavadyan Agasi - (Yerevan) Khidoyatzoda Komron (Dushanbe); Jasmann Victor (Germany)
Environmental safety of the South Caucasus
Energy. Non-renewable and renewable energy resources. Water resources. Political and legal aspects of these problems.
TRANSCRIPT IN ENGLISH
The South Caucasus is a unique region of our planet, distinguished by its natural and climatic diversity. To illustrate, only the Republic of Azerbaijan hosts 9 out of 11 existing climatic zones. It is almost impossible to maintain the environmental security of this region using only local capabilities and resources. This exceptional place on Earth can only be preserved for future generations if the international community takes active part in this process.
Using this opportunity, I would like to present several existing problems in this sphere to the distinguished colleagues.
Metsamor nuclear power plant (NPP) – potential environmental disaster on regional and global levels.
Metsamor (Armenian) NPP is long since a subject of serious political debates both within the South Caucasus and outside the region. The European Union have once more called on Armenia to close the plant. In Yerevan, the view is that the NPP is absolutely safe and there are plans to extend its period of exploitation.
Metsamor NPP – is the only nuclear power plant in the South Caucasus. It is already 44 years old, while the optimal period of use of the reactor core is only 30 years.
This NPP was built in the Republic of Armenia 28 km. outside the capital Yerevan and only 16 km. form the Turkish city of Igdir. 80% of the localities of the Republic of Armenia and several dozens of localities of Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran and Turkey are located withing the 50 km. range of this NPP. The construction of the nuclear plant began in 1969. First power-generating unit has started energy production in December 1976, while the second – in January 1980. Presently only the second power-generating unit is functioning.
NPPs are a priori a source of high risks and danger to the environment. Completely random, small or trivial factors can provoke a nuclear catastrophe. The whole world bore witness to the level of potential catastrophe through the experience of the 1986 Chernobyl NPP disaster. In Chernobyl, the meltdown took place because of the power outage of the reactor core. While in 2011 Fukushima NPP broke down due to the tsunami. Before that event, however, Fukushima was viewed as practically indestructible.
During its exploitation, Metsamor NPP has seen quite a lot of "emergency situations". In 1982, a disastrous fire broke out on the plant. The equipment of the facility was badly damaged. The liquidation of the fire took more than 7 hours. More than 110 members of fire-safety team and firefighters took part in extinguishing the fire. In 1988, a powerful earthquake (level 10) shook the northern parts of Armenian SSR. When that happened almost all local staff abandoned the Metsamor NPP. The absence of first response and repair teams led to the danger of the meltdown of the reactor core. In order to prevent a catastrophe, the staff from other NPPs from all over the Soviet Union have been relocated to the Metsamor. The ripples of the earthquake that reached the plant have been evaluated by the specialists to be as high as level 6,25 magnitude according to Richter scale. Back then, the USSR's decision to suspend the exploitation of the NPP was the right one.
However, in the beginning of April of 1993 the government of the Republic of Armenia decided to start repairs of the second power-generating unit of the Metsamor NPP to restart its exploitation.
The international environmental experts are united in their view, that the seismic activity in the region makes the exploitation of the Metsamor NPP a very dangerous enterprise.
During 1992-1997, the seismic activity dangers of a large territory located in Iran, Russia, Turkey, Turkmenistan and in South Caucasian states was studied within the programme called "Global Seismic Hazard Assessment Program" (GSHAP). After mapping the active tectonic plates' boundaries, the experts came to the conclusion that on the territory of the Republic of Armenia near its capital Yerevan and the Metsamor NPP lies a very large and active zone of such boundaries. The location of the NPP in such a zone is problematic per se. Moreover, if the NPP is located in the highlands, the danger is that should there be a risk of meltdown it would be very problematic to deliver additional water supply for an emergency cooldown of the reactor core.
In 2014, Turkey have officially petitioned International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) to shut down the NPP due to the expiration of the date of its safe exploitation. The question of the extension of service time of Metsamor NPP is provoking discontent of the neighboring states for the last 15 years.
As far back as September of 1999, the Armenian government and the European Union (EU) have signed an agreement to shut down and permanently close the Metsamor NPP in 2004. The Republic of Armenia confirmed its commitment to closing the NPP in 2004 when it joined the Council of Europe on 25 January 2001. Recently, the EU and the Republic of Armenia signed an agreement which contains a separate part dedicated to the NPP. According to the agreement, Armenia has taken an obligation to plan a scheduled shutdown of the plant.
However, the government of the Republic of Armenia is not following on its obligations and puts in danger not only regional but also global security.
The fuel for the Armenian NPP is transported to the country via air or land through the territory of neighboring Georgia. However, one of the major problems of any nuclear facility is its waste. During its 44 years of life Metsamor NPP has accumulated a large stockpile of nuclear waste. From a very scarce information that comes from the experts that visited this NPP, it is known that the "temporary storage space is totally full". The leaks have been discovered in several containers. While nuclear waste is being held in the temporary storage spaces, "they are not certified and do not meet the criteria acceptable for storage of such waste".
The actual location of the Metsamor NPP's nuclear waste storages is also unknown due to the classification of this information as secret because of the terrorism threats. However, the intelligence information that found its way into the media suggests that the solid waste from NPP was stored in Nagorno-Karabakh on the occupied territory of Azerbaijan.
Iranian officials have several times voiced their outrage about the dumping of the liquid waste of Metsamor NPP into the Aras river (flows into Kura river and then into the Caspian Sea). "The wastes present a threat to the river and to the people that live on the adjacent territories", stated the representative of the parliamentary committee on environment of Iran Kemaladdin Pirmuazzin. He also stressed that this question creates challenges for the population and environment of Azerbaijan as well.
The dangers of the creation of "dirty" bombs. The Armenians claim that all the work with nuclear materials and radioactive waste in the Republic of Armenia is "under a total control" of IAEA. However, in April 2019, six persons were arrested in Tbilisi while trying to sell a radioactive material uranium-238. During the same month, the security services of Georgia have apprehended five more criminals that were trying to sell radioactive uranium. The expertise of the materials confiscated in Georgia showed that all of them originated in the Republic of Armenia. The efflux and illegal use of radioactive materials and waste becomes a regular matter. However, no one can provide a credible scale of the problem as NPPs are traditionally obscured from public scrutiny.
If such "total" control actually exists, as stated by the representatives of Metsamor NPP, then how come the radioactive materials illicitly find their way from Armenia into the neighboring Georgia? As Georgia has no nuclear objects on its territory, it is completely unprepared for combating nuclear threats. Accordingly, it lacks experience in handling of the radioactive materials.
The damage to the environment as a result of territorial conflicts in South Caucasus.
In 1988-1994, as a result of the aggression of the Republic of Armenia, 1,7 million hectares of the territory of the Republic of Azerbaijan came under military occupation. In South Caucasus this was the conflict with the heaviest toll. 42997 hectares of natural reserves under special environmental protection ended up under the Armenian occupation. Formerly occupied territories hosted 247352 hectares of forests, including 13197,5 hectares of special woods, 152 nature monuments and 5 geological objects.
Occupied territories of Azerbaijan in and around Karabakh that were completely destroyed by Armenia have been liberated in 2020. It will take decades to mitigate the negative results of the aggression, damage to the environment, destruction of cities, villages, historical and religious monuments, cemeteries, social and cultural spheres, transport routes, etc. For example, in Djebrayil and Zengilan regions more than two-thousand-year-old sycamores were cut down, while forests have been burned down in Shusha area using white phosphorus. [6]
54328 hectares of forests have been destroyed during the occupation. This data is based on the preliminary analysis of the images received from the Azercosmos satellite. [2] Water resources and bowels of the earth have been savagely exploited. During the retreat from the territories, the occupants have burned down whole forests and localities.
It is planned to include international experts into the evaluation of the total damage done to the environment of the formerly occupied territories of Azerbaijan. [1]
Possible measures to preserve the environment of South Caucasus and restoration of the environment on the formerly occupied territories.
Azerbaijan is facing a challenge of restoration of the 20% of its territory that was previously under occupation of Armenian armed forces including its environment. The process should take place through the implementation of specific ecological measures on the territory of the whole South Caucasus.
- "There is big potential in renewable energy. And I know that there is interest from British companies to work on these issues. There is a very big potential of solar, wind, hydro. So, we are already planning our future in the liberated territories, and I already declared these territories as a green zone territory. So, we will use the power of wind, sun, and water in order to supply the needs of the people. We already became an exporter of electric energy. Therefore, potential for that is really very high. And also, many other areas of cooperation between our countries have great importance", - said the President of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev, receiving the UK Minister for European Neighborhood and Americas Wendy Morton [3].
- The head office of the LG Electronics in Spain has highly praised the programme, initiated by the vice-president of Azerbaijan, president of the Heydar Aliyev Foundation Mehriban Aliyeva, which will oversee planting of 650 thousand trees per day dedicated to the "Nasimi Year" (2019). Azerbaijan have thus won an award from the head office of the LG Electronics. Organizers of the award have highly praised the input of Azerbaijan into the reduction of carbon monoxide and forestation of our planet.
- Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources of Azerbaijan, in accordance with the recommendations of experts, plants oriental planes in the liberated territories of Fizuli, Agdam, Gubadli and Zangilan. Mulberry seedlings have already been planted in Gubadli and Zangilan. This will greatly benefit the development of sericulture.
Azerbaijan will still have to evaluate the total damage inflicted by Armenia to its state and the property of its citizens, because everything is almost completely destroyed on the occupied territories. [5] International experts have already been invited to evaluate the damage to the environment of both Azerbaijan and South Caucasus in general, infrastructure, individuals that have lost their homes and to the historical heritage of Azerbaijan. After that, legal suits and court proceedings against the Armenian state will follow.
The increase in the number and energy of natural disasters
In his report Prof. Dr. Elchin Khalilov will touch upon those natural disasters that are directly related to global climate change.
Session 4
March 28, 2021
International Conference on the Development of the 2D Code Industry (Seminar on the International Mechanism for Mutual Recognition of the Health Code)
At the G20 Summit, Chinese President Xi Jinping proposed strengthening policy and standards consistency, creating fast channels and facilitating the orderly exchange of shepherds and personnel. China has proposed the creation of an international mechanism for the mutual recognition of "health codes" based on the results of nucleic acid tests in the form of internationally recognized QR codes. The QR-coding mechanism can be implemented and used in the created International system of accounting (labeling) of goods with cleaned carbon emissions.
Climate change presents financial risk to the global economy
Financial markets need clear, comprehensive, high-quality information on the impacts of climate change. This includes the risks and opportunities presented by rising temperatures, climate-related policy, and emerging technologies in our changing world. The Financial Stability Board created the Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures (TCFD) to improve and increase reporting of climate-related financial information.
The Circular Economy
Switching light-bulbs and ditching plastic straws alone will not help us to achieve the level of change we need to address climate and environmental breakdown. We need new models and system change based on environmental values and principles. The circular economy is one such model. It requires shifting from our current linear 'take-make-use-dispose' economic model, creating waste and toxic flows at each stage of the process, to a new model which designs waste and pollution out of the system, keeps products and materials in use for as long as possible and allows natural systems to regenerate.
Possible Consequences of Global Climate Change for Kazakhstan
Climate and environmental issues are becoming more sensitive and important.

Recently the world's attention is riveted on the pandemic and its aftermath when previously it was focused on threats of warming. However, climate change has not gone away and remains pressing.
VIEbration the smartshow of ECOSFEERIA
VIEbration, an amazing smart show created in Belgium by Didier Bouillon, stages the harmony between man and nature. The opening of consciousness and the starting point of a sustainable future between man and nature.
Today, humanity has no other choice than to evolve in unity through what nature teaches us in its universality. This is the message we want to convey.
REINDEER.
WE CAN LOSE THEM