The gap between climate action and climate reality remains huge. But it is not too late to act.
We have the knowledge, technology and capacity to recover from the pandemic to take a huge leap forward and begin to close the gap.

The consequences of climate change are felt by the whole society as a whole. "Caring for Climate 2021" online marathon aims to promote the implementation of the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, including all 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
The Global Online Marathon "Caring for Climate 2021" is a platform for civil society, youth and indigenous peoples, many of whom are disproportionately affected by the impacts of climate change. Climate change must be tackled by all systems and therefore we also want to provide a platform for entrepreneurs, cities and other non-state actors who interact and collaborate to support governments and accelerate the systemic transformation needed to reduce emissions and increase resilience.
December 12th , 2020 marks five years since the twenty-first Conference of the Parties, chaired by France, adopted the historic Paris Agreement. The agreement unites all signatories in the name of a common cause: to take decisive measures to combat climate change and adapt to its consequences with the active support of developing countries in this area. The agreement charts a new course for revitalizing global action on climate change. It recognizes the need to adapt to the current and ongoing impacts of climate change. The text of the agreement contains a commitment to assist the most vulnerable countries in taking appropriate measures. It also aims to link financial flows to global efforts to achieve these two goals.

The Paris Agreement is a legally binding international treaty on climate change. It was adopted by 196 Parties at COP 21 in Paris on the 12th of December 2015 and entered into force on 4th of November 2016. Its main goal is to limit global warming to well below 2, preferably 1.5 degrees Celsius, compared to pre-industrial levels. According to climatologists, the main anthropogenic factor of global warming is carbon dioxide which enters the atmosphere mainly with industrial emissions. In this regard, it was the reduction in CO2 emissions that became the target for the implementation of the Paris Agreement.
The Kyoto Protocol (1997) which preceded this document, obliged the participating countries to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 5.2% compared to the 1990 level. The Paris Agreement does not set global standards for reducing emissions, and each member country determines the targets independently (it is assumed that the parties to the agreement will revise them every five years). For countries that do not achieve the declared indicators, «penalties» are not provided but the registration of such countries is kept in order to provide them with possible assistance.

It does not establish an agreement and strict limits on mitigation of CO2 emission targets, however, if they are not met, the participating country may incur reputational costs and be subject to pressure from the world community and the media. After the expiration of a minimum three-year membership period (not counting the time required for legalization of the issue), a member country may withdraw from the Paris Agreement.
To achieve this long-term temperature target, countries are striving to reach a global peak in greenhouse gas emissions as soon as possible so that the world becomes climate neutral by mid-century.

The Paris Agreement marks a milestone in the multilateral climate change process as, for the first time, a binding agreement brings all countries together to embark on an ambitious effort to combat and adapt to climate change.
How does the Paris Agreement work?

Implementing the Paris Agreement requires economic and social transformation based on the most advanced scientific knowledge. The Paris Agreement builds on a 5−year cycle of increasingly ambitious climate action by countries. In 2020, countries are required to submit their climate action plans, known as nationally determined contributions.

Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs)
In their national contributions, countries report on the actions they will take to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in order to achieve the goals of the Paris Agreement. Countries also report to the NDCs on the actions they will take to improve resilience and adapt to the impacts of rising temperatures.
Long-Term Strategies
To better articulate efforts to achieve a long-term goal, the Paris Agreement invites countries to formulate and present long-term low-greenhouse gas emission development strategies (LT-LEDS). LT-LEDS provide long-term horizons for Contributions. Unlike NDCs, they are optional. However, they place NDCs in the context of countries' long-term planning and development priorities, providing a vision and direction for future development.

How do countries support each other?

The Paris Agreement provides a framework for financial, technical and capacity building support to those countries that need it.

The Paris Agreement reaffirms that developed countries should take the lead in providing financial assistance to poorer and more vulnerable countries while encouraging voluntary contributions from other Parties for the first time.


The Paris Agreement sets out a vision for the full implementation of technology development and transfer, both to increase resilience to climate change and to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The agreement establishes a technological framework to provide overarching guidance for a well-functioning technology mechanism. The Mechanism accelerates technology development and transfer through its policy and practical leverage.
Building Capacity

Not all developing countries have the capacity to tackle many of the challenges of climate change. As a result, the Paris Agreement places great emphasis on building climate capacity for developing countries and calls on all developed countries to strengthen their support for capacity-building actions in developing countries.
How is the progress tracked?

As part of the Paris Agreement, countries have created an enhanced transparency system (ETF). Under the ETF, starting in 2024, countries will transparently report on climate change mitigation actions taken and progress, adaptation measures and support provided or received. The agreement also provides for international procedures for reviewing submitted reports.

The information collected through the ETF will be used for Global Analysis which will assess collective progress towards long-term climate goals.

This will lead to recommendations for countries to set more ambitious plans in the next round.
What was already achieved?

While much of the climate change action is required to achieve the Paris Agreement's goals, low-carbon solutions and new markets have emerged in the years since its entry into force. More and more countries, regions, cities and companies are setting targets for carbon neutrality. Zero carbon solutions are becoming competitive across all sectors of the economy that account for 25% of emissions. This trend is most visible in the energy and transportation sectors and has created many new business opportunities for those just starting to move forward.

By 2030 zero carbon solutions can be competitive in sectors that account for over 70% of global emissions