Mount Everest — once the most remote and unapproachable place on the planet earth, is becoming the tallest garbage heap in the world.
The key goal of the Global Environment Initiative Help Everest Together is to reduce the environmental damage associated with solid household waste, cut down the environmental risks associated with accumulated environmental damage, and carry out ecological improvement of the largest mountain in the world.
Every year more than two million people come to small Nepal to climb up the Himalayas, see the beauty of the Chitwan, Annapurna national parks and, of course, reach the Everest base camp.
The amount of garbage accumulated on the slopes of the mountain is so big that Everest is called the highest mountainous landfill in the world. Due to the pollution of the Himalayan mountain system, drinking water, which is used by the inhabitants of the nearby valleys, is spoiled. People and nature need help.
The Mountaineering Association of Nepal declared that this problem not only leads to environmental pollution, but can also spread disease.
Since the first conquest of Everest from May 1953 to the present days, about 50 thousand tons of garbage have collected on the mountain. In 1993, the government of Nepal established strict rules for the conquerors of mountain peaks, the obligation was established to lower all oxygen and gas cylinders down.
Today, there are approximately 280 discovered dead climbers who remain unburied on Mount Everest. There is no way to take bodies out of the highlands, especially from the death zone (it starts at an altitude of 8000 meters). The height of 8300 meters is the point of no return. It is no longer possible to lower a person from here by any auxiliary means, even by helicopter. Therefore, the dead lie in the place where death overtook them.
So, the body of the Indian Tsewang Palzhor, who died in 1996, marks a height of 8500 meters and even has its own name — Green Shoes (after the bright green shoes of the deceased).
In recent years, the area of glaciers on the slopes of Everest has significantly decreased, and the corpses of people who died many years ago, previously frozen into the ice, appeared on the surface. In general, there is an opinion that the corpse-strewn slopes of Everest began to look more and more like a cemetery.
There are used cylinders, climbing equipment, empty bottles and food packages, old tents, sleeping bags, cans and even frozen bodies.
The Global Environmental Initiative Help Everest Together aims to eliminate the highest mountain unauthorized landfill for household waste in the world. The mission of the expedition is not to conquer Mount Everest, but to clean up the mountain top from debris.
All collected funds will be used to organize several special expeditions to clean Everest.
The cost of climbing one climber is high enough. The only one climbing permit, issued by the government of Nepal, costs $11.000, in Chinese Tibet $8.000.
Services of the guide, the permit itself, visas, the services of high-altitude porters and service staff during the climbing, well-equipped camps (BC, PBL), fuel, oxygen cylinders, radio communication stations, etc. are required for the project. Total cost of the Cleaning Project — $7.000.000.
A group consisted of 6-8 specially trained high-altitude porters is required for the descent of one dead person from a height from under the peak of Everest. The budget for such transportation works is $150.000.
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The head of the mountain is located in the Himalayas in the Mahalangur-Himal ridge, along which the border of Nepal and the Tibet Autonomous Region (China) passes.
Everest has the shape of a triangular pyramid, the southern slope is steeper. On the southern slope and edges, snow and firn are not retained, as a result they are exposed. The height of the North-Eastern shoulder is 8393 m. The height from the foot to the top is about 3550 m. The Everest summit is also called the Mother of the Gods locally: in Tibetan Chomolungma, in Nepali Sagarmatha.
The average daily temperature at the summit of Everest (Chomolungma) in July is about −19°C, in January −36°C (can drop to −60°C). As long as the height of the peak is almost at the lower boundary of the high-altitude jet stream. Sudden storms with gusts of wind up to 160 km/h are typical. Precipitation falls as snow during the summer monsoon, which lasts from late May to mid September.
Climbing to the top of the mountain takes about 2 months, considering acclimatization and setting up camps.
Spring and Autumn are the main seasons of the ecological expedition to the summit, as there are no monsoons at this time. Spring is the most suitable season for climbing the southern and northern slopes. In autumn, you can only climb from the south.
The most difficult part of the ascent to Everest is the last 300 m, called by climbers "the longest mile on Earth". To pass this section successfully, you need to overcome a steep smooth stone slope covered with loose snow.